Including Breach of Fiduciary Duty and Attorney Negligence

Did your attorney commit legal malpractice?

In recent years, the number of lawyers across the country has grown tremendously. As the sophistication of practice in various specialty areas has become more prevalent, the opportunity for an attorney to commit malpractice has increased.

The two most essential elements of a legal malpractice case are:

a) The client can prove that the lawyer committed malpractice, negligence, breach of contract, or breach of fiduciary duty; and

b) That “but for” the malpractice, negligence or breach of contract/duty of the lawyer, the client would have prevailed in the underlying litigation or transaction.

Basically, the client must show that the lawyer caused the client’s damages.

Types of legal malpractice cases include:


Similar to a medical malpractice case, the attorney’s conduct is judged as to whether it met the “ standard of care ” expected of other attorneys in the area, or whether that conduct deviated from the norm.

Breach of contract

When an attorney is retained by a client, there are implicit and explicit agreements as to the scope of the work to be performed, the manner in which it is to be done, and obligations of the parties. Generally, there will be a retainer agreement setting forth all of the obligations of the parties. Breach of the contract for legal representation may be proved to have occurred.


Fraud involves the intentional misrepresentation of material facts which adversely affects the client.


Conversion of moneys or property of a client may take a few forms. For instance, a lawyer may overbill for services not performed, or retain funds from a settlement that do not belong to the attorney.

Breach of fiduciary duty

Sometimes, the attorney will be acting in a fiduciary capacity, such as by power-of-attorney, and has certain responsibilities of ensuring that the attorney puts the client’s interests ahead of all others.

If you believe you may have a legal malpractice case, contact the law offices of Richard A. Klass, Esq. by phone or e-mail.

Legal Malpractice Articles by the Law Firm of Richard A. Klass

The Basic Elements of a Legal Malpractice Case

Legal Malpractice: In every type of lawsuit, a plaintiff (commonly known as the person bringing the case) must make certain allegations of fact against a defendant (the party being sued) and tie those allegations of fact to violations of specific laws or rules. Those violations could be based upon a particular statute or rule or section of law, or common law generally (some times the two overlap as well). If the plaintiff cannot prove that the defendant committed an “actionable” wrong, then the lawsuit will be dismissed by the court – either because there is a failure of proof or because the allegations of proof do not amount to a violation of law as interpreted by the court…. (more)

Client Cannot Sue His Lawyer for Nonpecuniary Damages

In the recent decision of Dombrowski v. Bulson, 2012 NY Slip Op. 04203 [May 31, 2012], the New York State Court of Appeals dealt with an open issue in the area of legal malpractice, namely: whether a former client may recover nonpecuniary damages in a law suit brought against his attorney for legal malpractice arising from the client’s alleged wrongful incarceration….(more)

The Harsh Rule of the Statute of Limitations in Legal Malpractice Cases

The term “ statute of limitations ” refers to the period of time in which a plaintiff may bring a lawsuit against a defendant for a claim. Different types of cases are governed by different statute of limitations period (for instance, six years for contract actions in New York, three years for tort actions in New York). The effect of the statute of limitations is that a plaintiff bringing a lawsuit after that period of time has expired is barred from bringing it, and the lawsuit will be dismissed as untimely…. (more)

Legal Malpractice: How the “Continuous Representation” Doctrine Helps Injured Clients

(From Law Currents, Spring 2008)
In legal matters, there is an attorney-client relationship from the moment that the attorney is consulted by the client until the matter concludes. If, during the term of this relationship, the attorney was negligent or commits malpractice in the matter, the client may have a claim against the attorney for legal malpractice. Sometimes, the malpractice is committed at the early stages of litigation and not at the conclusion; for instance, an action may have started in Year 1, malpractice was committed in Year 2, and the action concludes in Year 6. The question then becomes whether or not the client may pursue a claim against the attorney for the malpractice committed in Year 2, when the statute of limitations period may have already passed…. (more)

Legal Malpractice: Judiciary Law Section 487

There is a special statute designed to punish attorneys who commit fraud upon the court, other parties or their clients, Judiciary Law Section 487….(more)

New York State Court of Appeals Adopts ” Likely to Succeed ” Standard in Legal Malpractice Cases

The New York State Court of Appeals decided an issue of first impression in New York State concerning an issue that arises in legal malpractice cases. In Grace v. Law, [October 21, 2014], the Court had to decide whether a client’s failure to pursue an appeal in the original, underlying lawsuit (which failed) bars him from pursuing a legal malpractice case against the attorney who lost the case….(more)

Legal Malpractice: Proximate Cause and Attorney Malpractice

There is a legal concept in personal injury law called “proximate cause.” The big question in holding someone liable for the injuries of another is: “Was the defendant’s action the proximate cause of the injury sustained by the plaintiff?” In other words, was it the defendant’s fault or not…. (more)

Striking the Affirmative Defense of Statute of Limitations in a Legal Malpractice Action

When a former client sues his attorney for legal malpractice, the defendant-attorney/law firm will almost invariably put forward, as part of its defense of the law suit, the Affirmative Defense of Statute of Limitations. In New York State, the period in which an attorney may be sued (whether for a tort [civil wrong] or breach of contract) is generally three (3) years from the date of malpractice. If the client does not sue the attorney/law firm within the applicable Statute of Limitations period, then the case is “time barred” and may be dismissed as having been filed too late…. (more)

Legal Malpractice: Wrong Side of the Tracks Costs Law Firm $800,000

(From Law Currents, Winter 2011)
The Long Island Railroad (LIRR) leased one of its old rail yards in Queens to a recycling company. One of the recycling company’s employees was working the late shift on a rainy evening in 2003. That rainy night, he was assigned the task of welding on a portion of the metal fence surrounding the yard with an acetylene torch. He got up on a ladder, climbed up several rungs, and started to weld. At that point, the injured worker got a shock from the welding equipment. The ladder then shifted in the mud and he fell to the ground, suffering severe injuries. Since that incident, he was unable to work, having become disabled, and having had several surgeries to his back and knee….(more)

Blog Posts about Legal Malpractice from the Office of Richard A. Klass, Esq.

Publications by the Office of Richard A. Klass, Esq.

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